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Previous Next Up Topic Engines / Subbug - Subaru Power / Subaru Engine Specs.... (157353 hits)
By Mel Adjusted Date 2009-03-05 12:19 Edited 2009-03-05 12:29
A Mechanic at Subaru gave paul some wrong information so I did some research and this is what I came up with..

Identifying An EJ

A 10-digit engine code is used by Subaru: the first 2 characters identify the engine series. The 3rd & 4th identify displacement volume in liters.
The 5th digit is a sub-series identifier and fuel system flag. The 6th digit identifies emissions regulations it conforms to, while the 7th digit shows
the intended transmission it was mated with. The final 3 digits are minor production change codes. The series engine is also physically embossed on the top
of the engine block, to the left of the alternator.


1.5 Litre SOHC


    * Impreza (JDM only, though often seen in gray market exports to eastern Europe and Russia.)


1.6 Litre SOHC, 90 hp (67 kW) @ 5600 rpm.


    * Impreza 93-94 (JDM only)
    * Impreza 93-06 (Europe & Middle East)
    * Impreza 93-97 (Australia)


1.8 Litre SOHC 110 hp (82 kW) @ 5600 rpm.


    * Impreza 93-99
    * Legacy (non-USDM) 90-96


2.0 Litre SOHC or DOHC


This is not actually a valid code from Subaru, but is mostly used by enthusiasts and also mechanics to describe the entire line of 2.0 litre turbocharged
engines that have been available over time. When referring to the EJ20T, one is speaking of one of the following:


EJ20G fall in to 2 categories -early engines 1989-9/1996 -late wagon and automatic sedans from 1994/1996 and later

to identify an early EJ20G

    * Coil on plug
    * Divorced idle air wer q

Late model EJ20Gs are the same general design as the EJ20K 3a q3t Usage:

    * Legacy RS 89-93
    * Legacy RS-RA 89-93
    * Legacy GT 89-93
    * Impreza WRX 92~96
    * Impreza WRX Wagon 92~98
    * Impreza WRX STi 94~96

227 hp (169 kW) @ 4000 rpm


to identify an EJ20K

    * Wasted spark coil pack on center of manifold
    * Inlet under manifold
    * Divorced idle air controller


    * Impreza WRX & STi 9/96~9/98


This engine series is used for non-Japanese marketed WRX models in the world market as of 1999. The Japanese WRX models use the EJ207 from 1999~2001,
except the 5-door wagon which also uses the EJ205. After 2001, all WRXs use the EJ205. to identify an EJ205:

    * Coil on plug
    * idle air integrated into throttle body

Usage: Impreza WRX

    * 99~01 (JDM Wagon Body only)
    * 01~current (all JDM)
    * 02~05 (USDM)
    * 99~current (all other markets)


to identify an 9/99-9/2000 EJ207

    * Wasted spark coil pack off center of manifold
    * Inlet under manifold
    * Red manifold


    * Impreza WRX STi 1998~present (JDM, specifically Homologation models for World_Rally_Championship)

2.0L Quad Cam Twin-turbo from JDM 1996 Subaru Legacy GT


This can refer to one of the 2.0 Litre DOHC Sequential Twin Turbo and intercooled engines (EJ20H/EJ20R/EJ206/EJ208). Yet like EJ20T, it is not actually a
valid code used by Subaru themselves. Used from 1995-2005 in various iterations listed below.


    * Legacy GT, RS & B4 (JDM)



    * Legacy BD/BG5 JDM GT's (183 kW manual & auto) and GTB's (190 kW auto)



    * Legacy BD/BG5 JDM RSB and GTB's (205 kW Manual)



    * Legacy BE/BH5 JDM GT's, GTB's and B4's (190 kW Auto)



    * Legacy BE/BH5 JDM GT's, GTB's and B4's (205 kW Manual)


2.2 Litre SOHC 135 bhp (101 kW) @ 5800 rpm 140 ftlbf (190 Nm) @ 4800 rpm
Subaru EJ22


    * Impreza 95-01
    * Legacy 90-99

EJ22 Enhancements and Improvements

2.2 Liter Engine Enhancements Beginning in the 1997 Model Year, the 2.2 liter engine for 1997 Legacy and Impreza models has had internal and external
changes that yield an approximately 10% increase in power and 3% increase in fuel economy.

Accomplishing this involves many factors, one of which is engine friction reduction. The piston, a major source of engine friction, has been coated with a
friction reducing agent called Molybdenum. This thin coating not only allows smoother travel through the cylinder, but also reduces cylinder wall scuffing.

The skirt of the piston has been reshaped and the overall weight has been reduced by approximately 100 grams. Compression ratio has been increased to 9.7
to 1 by reshaping the crown of the piston. This eliminates the clearance that was available between the piston at TDC and the fully opened valve.

Piston pin offset has been changed to 0.5 mm. Piston to cylinder wall clearance has been reduced by increasing the piston diameter.

Another source of high engine friction is the valve train. Hydraulic lash adjusters (HLAs) are always in contact with the valves. The hydraulic pressure of
the lash adjuster must be overcome during operation and during the most critical time of engine start.

To overcome this situation and to contribute to the total reduction of friction loss, 1997 and later SOHC engines have solid valve adjusters. The scheduled
service of this valve train is set at 100,000 miles (160,000 km). SOHC engines now use an adjustment screw to adjust valve clearance.

The roller rocker cam follower system that was introduced on the 1.8L Impreza engines, is installed on all 1995 model year and later 2.2 liter engines.
The roller assemblies are not serviceable separately, but the rocker arms may be serviced as individual units.

The carbon composition head gaskets with integrated o-rings are interchangeable from left to right on 1990 to 1994 N/A engines only.

Other Engine Modifications (2.2L 1997) The intake manifold has been reshaped to increase the airflow mass and speed, contributing to improved low and mid
engine speed operation. Components located on the intake manifold have been relocated as compared to the 1996 models. EGR Solenoid, Purge Control Solenoid,

1999 2.2 Liter Phase 2 Engine Enhancements (from endwrench article H-4 and H-6 service): All 2.2 liter engine for 1999 are the Phase 2 design. The 2.2 liter
Phase 2 engines are a SOHC design, with a newly-designed cylinder head. Changes in the 2.2 liter Phase 2 engines are as follows:

    * The engine and transmission are fastened with six bolts and two studs.
    * The thrust bearing has been moved to the number 5 position.
    * The oil groove in the number 1 and 3 have been changed to supply additional lubrication to the crank journal.

Additional Phase 2 Engine Features

    * The cylinder head is a two-rocker shaft, solid type valve system with roller followers.
    * The valves are positioned at a larger angle than previous model years. The intake valves are positioned 23 degrees off-center with the exhaust valves

positioned 20 degrees off-center. Prior model year engines utilized a 15-degree positioning angle.

    * Head gasket thickness is 0.7 mm.
    * The intake rocker arms are marked so they are correctly placed on the rocker shaft when servicing. An IN1 or IN2 will be embossed on each rocker arm.
As viewed from the front of the engine the Number 1 intake valve of ach cylinder and the number 2 intake valve have an IN1 marked and IN2 arked rocker arm
that mates with it. New IN1 rocker arms can also be identified by a Green painted mark on the top of the rocker arm. The IN2 rocker arms have a white mark.
Proper positioning is maintained through the use of a wave washer located between the rocker shaft arm and rocker arm shaft support.
    * The camshaft is secured to the cylinder head with the camcase. An oil passage in the cylinder head provides the passageway in the camcase with oil
that leads to the intake rocker shaft. Oil from the camshaft is collected on the opposite side of the passageway leading to the intake rocker shaft to
provide oil to the exhaust rocker shaft.

Note: Cylinder head and camcase must be replaced together (line bored).

    * The sparkplug pipe is pressed into the cylinder head and is not serviceable.

If it becomes damaged the cylinder head must be replaced. The seals installed onto the ends of the sparkplug pipes seal against the valve covers and
should be replaced when the valve cover is removed.

    * Pistons on the 2.2 liter engines have a 0.5 mm offset with the engine having a compression ratio of 10.0 to 1. The horsepower has increased to 142 hp
(106 kW) @ 5600 rpm. Maximum torque is149 ftlbf @ 3600 rpm.
    * Camshaft sprockets are constructed of a resin type material with a metal key pressed into the sprocket for maintaining proper sprocket to shaft


2.2 litre
AUDM Subaru EJ22E

135 bhp (101 kW) @ 5800 rpm 140 ftlbf (190 Nm) @ 4800 rpm

Australian model - 100 kW (130 hp) @ 6000 rpm 189 Nm (139 ftlbf) @ 4800 rpm


    * Legacy 89-99
    * Impreza 93-01


2.2 Litre SOHC Turbo, fully closed deck, oil squirters, no intercooler

    * Legacy 89-94 (North American market from 1991-1994)


turbocharged 2.2 litre DOHC with 2.5 litre heads. Usage:

    * Impreza WRX STi 22B (JDM)


2.5 Litre

Flat four EJ251

The EJ251 is a 2.5 L (2457 cc) Horizontally Opposed DOHC Engine with a bore of 99.5 mm (3.92 in) and a stroke of 79.0 mm (3.11 in). Intake volume is
regulated by the use of a MAP sensor, unlike the EJ253 which uses a MAF sensor. Compression ratio is 10.0: 1. Power ISO:

123 kW (165 hp) and 226 Nm (167 ftlbf)


    * Impreza 2.5RS 00-04 (US)
    * Impreza Outback Sport 02-04 (US)
    * Forester 00-04 (US)
    * Legacy 00-04 (US)
    * Outback 00-04 (US)
    * Baja 03-04 (US)


SOHC The EJ252 is a 2.5 L (2457 cc) Horizontally Opposed SOHC. Power ISO 115 kW (156 hp) Usage:

    * Legacy 00
    * Forester 00


SOHC - ISO 156 hp (116 kW) @ 5600 rpm, 166 ftlbf (225 Nm) torque @ 4000 rpm. Intake volume is regulated by use of a MAF sensor, unlike the EJ251 which
is regulated by a MAP sensor. I-Active valves (VVT intake side) on 05+ models.

    * Impreza 99, 05+
    * Legacy 05+
    * Forester 99, 05+
    * Baja 05+


DOHC - SAE - 165 hp (123 kW) @ 5600 rpm 162 ftlbf (220 Nm) at 4000 rpm


    * Impreza 98
    * Legacy 96~99
    * Forester 98


SOHC 16 valve Power SAE 121 kW (165 hp), 2005-present - 175 hp (130 kW).


    * Impreza RS 02~04
    * Forester 04
    * Legacy 02~04


2.5 litre DOHC AVCS turbocharged, with sodium-filled valves originally designed for North American market, now sees usage in some European Imprezas and
Legacies destined for Australia and South Africa. Power JIS 169 kW/230 hp

Usage in North America:

    * Impreza: 2006 - present
    * Forester: 2004 - present
    * Legacy: 2005 - present
    * Baja: 2004 - 2006

Usage in the rest of the world:

    * Legacy: 2005 - present
    * Impreza: 2006 - present


DOHC 16 valve turbo


    * US Market Impreza WRX STi MY04~present (300 hp)

    * Asian, European Market Impreza WRX STi 05~present (280 hp, 40KGh/m)

Subaru Formula One Flat-12

An unexpected contract with Subaru, the automobile branch of Fuji Heavy Industries, brought substantial monetary backing and additionally an exclusive
"works" engine for free. The Japanese took over 51% of Coloni formula, paid the debts and supported the new alliance with a brand new, unique engine.
It was a flat-12 engine which in fact was penned by Carlo Chiti. Chiti's Motori Moderni company at Novara had supplied V6 Turbo engines for the Minardi
Formula One team from 1985 to 1987, and in 1988 Chiti had penned a normally aspirated V12 engine that attracted Subaru. In late 1988, the Japanese
commissioned Chiti to design a new Formula One engine with a "flat" layout - as used in their road cars - that was ready in the Summer of 1989. The engine
- now with a Subaru badge - was tested in a Minardi M188 chassis but due to a severe lack of power Minardi very soon lost interest. After a few months of
searching, Subaru found the Coloni team. Eventually, the "Subaru Coloni" Team was founded with Enzo Coloni staying on board as the man for operational

By the beginning of 1990, the "Subaru" flat engine was not producing more than 500 bhp, so the Coloni Subaru was by far the least competitive machine
regularly competing in Formula One in 1990. Subaru and Chiti agreed to build a new V12 engine for Summer 1990 together with a completely new chassis, but
in the meantime the flat engine should be used by the "Coloni Subaru" Team in a carry-over chassis. Early in 1990, a handful of Enzo Coloni's mechanics
worked on a single C3 and tried to put the Subaru engine in it. The work was not done until the day the FIA started shipping the Formula One material to
Phoenix. In the pits at Phoenix, the car was assembled for the very first time, and a short private "practice" took place on a parking area of an American
supermarket. On prequalification day of Phoenix the world saw Coloni's "new" model C3B which wore a white, red and green livery. Without an airbox but with
wide, long sidepods, it looked like a tank, was overweight by 300 pounds and nearly impossible to handle. Neither at Phoenix nor at any other event, did
Bertrand Gachot, Coloni's new driver, manage to prequalify the car. As the season went on, improvements were few and results stayed nowhere. Meanwhile, no
success could be seen at Coloni's plant in Perugia where obviously nobody worked seriously on a new car. In May, Enzo Coloni was sacked by Subaru, but no
improvement came. In June, the Japanese company withdrew completely and sold the team back to Enzo Coloni, debt free, but with no sponsors and no engines.
By the German Grand Prix Coloni had arranged a supply of Cosworth engines, prepared by Langford & Peck. An improved car also appeared in Germany. The "new"
Coloni C3C was simply a 1989 C3 with minor changes in aerodynamics. The car was quicker, but not enough to achieve any serious results. Gachot was usually
able to prequalify his car, but the "main" qualification was still out of reach. By the end of the season, Coloni had not taken part in a single Grand Prix.

Other Data

All the EJ series share compatibility and construction similarity and are 16 valved engines. The EJ series started with the EJ15, a 1.5 liter (SOHC) and
makes ~90 hp, then the EJ16, a 1.6 litre single overhead cam (SOHC). Later followed by the EJ20, a 120 hp 2.0 litre single overhead cam and the EJ22, a 135
hp 2.2 litre single overhead cam. The EJ20 turbocharged version was developed with dual overhead cams, as well as non-turbo DOHC engines and DOHC
twin-turbos. The EJ18 and EJ20 were most popular in Europe and the EJ22T SOHC, mostly in the US and is known as the bulletproof Subaru engine.

The SOHC EJ Subaru boxer engines were non-interference engines through 1996, run by a single timing belt driving both cams (both sides of the engine) and
the water pump. Because they are non-interference engines, if the timing belt fails, the engine of the models up to 1996 will not be destroyed. The oil
pump is driven directly from the crank shaft and the waterpump by the timing belt. All DOHC and 1997-up SOHC EJ engines are interference engines, if the
timing belt fails the engine will likely be destroyed or the valves & piston will be heavily damaged.

All Subaru EJ engines have a 1-3-2-4 firing order.


Subaru 2.5-liter Turbo Boxer Engine won 'best engine' in the 2.0-2.5 litre category in both the 2006 and 2008[1] International Engine of the Year awards.
At my age.. Everything I buy comes with a lifetime guarantee..
By Mel Adjusted Date 2009-03-05 12:20
Subaru Engine Specs, 1970-1984 :

Year            Code            Bore x Stroke            Size in cc            Compression            HP            Torque            Notes

1958-1971            EK-31            61.5 X 60            356            6.7:1            25@4500            25@3000            360

1970-1971            EA-52            72 X 60            977.2            6.5:1            55@6000            57@3200            Non-USA

1970-1972            EA-61            76 X 60            1088.8            9.0:1            62@6400            63@3200            FF-1 Star

1971-1972            EA-61            76 X 60            1088.8            9.0:1            61@5600            65@4000            All

1971-1972            EA-62            82 X 60            1267.5            9.0:1            80@6400            73@4000            1300G Only

1973-1974            EA-63S            85 X 60            1362            8.5:1            61@5600            69@3600            All

1975-1976            EA-63            85 X 60            1362            8.5:1            58@5200            68@2400            2WD

1975-1976            EA-63            85 X 60            1362            8.5:1            56@5200            67@2400            4WD

1976-1979            EA-71            92 X 60            1595            8.5:1            67@5200            81@2400            2WD

1976-1979            EA-71            92 X 60            1595            8.5:1            65@5200            80@2400            4WD

1980-1987            EA-71            92 X 60            1595            8.7:1            69@4800            84@2800            All

1980-1982            EA-81            92 X 67            1781            8.5:1            72@4800            92@2400            2WD

1980-1982            EA-81            92 X 67            1781            8.5:1            71@4200            92@2800            4WD

1983-1984            EA-81T            92 X 67            1781            7.7:1            95@4200            123@2800            Turbocharged

1983-1989            EA-81            92 X 67            1781            8.7:1            73@4800            94@2400            All

Subaru Engine Specs, 1985-2008 :

Year            Code            Bore x Stroke            Size in cc            Compression            HP            Torque            Notes

1985-1988            EA-82            92 X 67            1781            9.5:1            84@5200            101@3200            SOHC 2bbl

1985-1989            EA-82            92 X 67            1781            8.7:1            97@5200            103@3200            SOHC MPFI

1985-1991            EA-82T            92 X 67            1781            9.5:1            111@5200            134@2800            SOHC Turbo

1985-1994            EA-82            92 X 67            1781            9.0:1            90@5200            101@2800            SOHC SPFI

1987-1991            ER-27            92 X 67            2672            9.5:1            145@5200            156@4000            XT-6 Only SOHC

1987-1990            EF-12            78 X 83            1189            9.0:1            66@5200            70@3600            Justy 2bbl SOHC

1990-1994            EF-12E            78 X 83            1189            9.1:1            73@5600            71@3600            Justy EMPI SOHC

1990-1994            EJ22E            96.9 X 75            2212            10.0:1            130@5600            137@2400            Legacy/Impreza

1991-1994            EJ22T            96.9 X 75            2212            8.5:1            160@5600            181@2800            Turbocharged

1992-1996            EJ18E            87.9 X 75            1820            9.5:1            110@5600            110@4400            Impreza Only

1992-1997            EG33            96.9 X 75            3318            10.0:1            230@5400            228@4400            SVX Only

1995-2001            EJ22            96.9 X 75            2212            10.0:1            142@5600            149@3600            Phase-II

1995-1999            EJ25D            99.5 X 79            2457            10.0:1            165@5600            155@2800            DOHC

2000-2002            EJ251            99.5 X 79            2457            10.0:1            165@5600            166@4000            SOHC

2000-2008            EJ253            99.5 X 79            2457            10.0:1            173@6000            166@4400            SOHC

2002-2005            EJ205            92 X 75            1994            8.0:1            227@6000            217@4000            WRX Only Turbo DOHC

2003-2008            EJ255            99.5 X 79            2457            8.3:1            210-250            235-250            Turbocharged DOHC

2003-2004            EZ30D            89.2 X 80            2999.6            10.7:1            212@6000            210@4400            H6 Only DOHC

2004-2007            EJ257            99.5 X 79            2457            8.3:1            300@6000            300@4000            STi Only DOHC Turbo

2005-2008            EZ30R            89.2 X 80            2999.6            10.7:1            250@6000            219@4200            3.0R/Tribeca DOHC

2008            EZ36            92 X 91            3629.6            10.5:1            256@6000            247@4400            Tribeca Only DOHC
At my age.. Everything I buy comes with a lifetime guarantee..
By Mel Adjusted Date 2009-03-05 12:37
Now I'm going to bed.... Been driving all night to get home..
At my age.. Everything I buy comes with a lifetime guarantee..
By charliew Date 2009-03-16 16:02
Nice writeup Mel. Very informative.
By Paul Moran (DBA Architect) Date 2009-07-06 23:19
Wow - Mel, this is awesome! I'll build this into the engine id system in the future.  Paul...
Chicago, IL
EMPI Imp 1002 ('69)/Subaru EJ20 Turbo/LinkPlus ECU
Previous Next Up Topic Engines / Subbug - Subaru Power / Subaru Engine Specs.... (157353 hits)

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